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Italian imperative mood

The imperative has only one tense: the present

We use the imperative to give direct order, but also to give instruction or to say something is necessary. The imperative also expresses exhortations, advice and encouragement in the present.

Informal imperative

– are – ere – ire
Tu Scus- a Prend- i Sent – i
Noi Scus – iamo Prend – iamo Sent – iamo
Voi Scus- ate Prend – ete Sent – ite

.

Ricorda la frase tipica: “Senti, scusa!”

.

Useful phrases: look carefully at the example sentences, here are some of the uses of imperative mood.

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Smettila! = stop it!
Smetti/Smettete di parlare! = stop talking!
Vieni qui! = come here!
Allora, andiamo! = well, let’s go!
Sbrighiamoci, è tardi! = let’s hurry up, it is late!
Sì, dimmi! = yes, tell me!

.

L’imperativo negativo: attenzione all’infinito!

.

Tu Non parlare Non leggere Non sentire
Noi Non parl – iamo Non legg – iamo Non sent – iamo
Voi Non parl- ate Non leggete – ete Non sent – ite

.

  • L’imperativo e i pronomi:

With the imperative mood in Italian language we use the pronouns (reflexive, direct and indirect), after the verb. They together become one word as in smettila! Or in dimmi!

.

– are

+ pronouns

– ere

+ pronouns

– ire

+ pronouns

Tu Parl -a-mi! Legg – i – lo Divert -i -ti
Noi parl – iamo – le! legg – iamo – lo divert – iamo – ci
Voi parl- ate- gli leggete – ete – li divert – ite – vi

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Ricorda: divertirsi è un verbo riflessivo, quindi usa pronomi riflessivi.
To memorize the imperative with pronouns, learn and sing the song “Salvami!”

  • Formal imperative

We rarely use the formal in plural: generally we do not use “Loro”, we prefer “Voi”.

.

– are – ere – ire
Lei Scus – i Prend – a Sent – a
Loro Scus – ino Prend – ano Sent – ano

.

Ricorda le frasi: “Senta, scusi!” and “Buon giorno, mi dica!”

One Response to “Italian imperative mood”

  1. […] quotati Italian classesItalian indirect pronoun and Italian verb “piacere”The Italian “Imperfetto”Italian imperative moodIl verbo Dovere – Simple […]

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