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Archive for August 15th, 2010

How can I say “on holiday” in Italian? The Italian preposition “IN”

Posted by Monica Corrias on August 15, 2010

Elementary language level – Italian language tips by Monica Corrias – Learn Italian with me

Are you on holiday in Italy? (= Sei in vacanza in Italia?) Would you like to know how to use the Italian preposition “IN”?  Here are some tips for you.

The Italian preposition  “IN” (= in/to/at/into/within):  some uses (not all)

Space/Place: indicates direction or position.  The place, the country, or the region  where I am or where I’m going to: to indicate the State (in Italy; in France, but NEGLI Stati Uniti), the Continent (in Europe; in America) or “Region” (in Tuscany; in Sicily), but remember we say “A” + name of city (A Roma, not in Rome!)

I always go to the country or to the hill on holiday:  I have never been to the seaside = Vado sempre IN vacanza IN campagna o IN montagna:  non sono mai stato  AL mare (be careful: AL mare)

We are going to France on holiday  = Andremo IN vacanza IN Francia  (be careful, we say IN vacanza)

Time:

In summer I go to Italy = IN estate vado IN Italia

I went to Sicily in 2008 = Sono andato IN Sicilia NEL (IN + IL = NEL) 2008

Means of transport:

We came by airplane/by train/by car/by bike = Siamo venuti IN aereo/ IN treno/IN macchina/IN bici

We go for a drive = Andiamo a fare un giro IN macchina

Now read the text:

Sono venuto IN Italia IN vacanza A Roma perché le mie ferie sono sempre IN estate e Roma è una città molto bella e piena DI cose interessanti e divertenti. IN settembre, però,  devo andare NEGLI Stati Uniti A New York per lavoro. Poi IN ottobre vado IN Canada e subito dopo IN Australia, sempre per lavoro. Finalmente IN dicembre sarò nuovamente IN vacanza e andrò A Parigi IN macchina e resterò a casa DI alcuni amici per  dieci giorni. Il mio lavoro è faticoso perché viaggio molto IN aereo, ma fortunatamente ho molti giorni DI vacanza, così posso viaggiare IN treno o IN macchina e incontrare i miei amici IN Europa.

Remember:

When you are studying Italian avoid the temptation to make absolute comparisons to English (or other languages). There are too many fundamental differences between the (two) languages, although there are many similarities.

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