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Archive for June 4th, 2009

Meanings of Italian “CI”

Posted by Monica Corrias on June 4, 2009

Italian language teacher with many years of experience here for your Italian lesson

 

Some students have a lot of trouble  with the Italian “CI” because it has several different meanings.

The most common meaning of “CI” is the adverb of place  = “There”,  do you remember “c’è” and “ci sono”= “There is” and “there are”?  (also we use it to avoid repeating the name of a place which we have already mentioned). 

Besides “CI” is a personal pronoun and it can be a reflexive, a direct object or an indirect object pronoun.

In everyday speech the “CI” is often used with the verb “avere” and means possession.  Generally we used it to reply:

Hai una sigaretta? (or, very informal language, “ c’hai una sigaretta?”) –>  Do you have a cigarette?/ Have you got a cigarette?

In the answer we have to use “CI” + the direct pronouns (lo; la; li; le) and “CI” becomes  “CE”:  

Sì, ce l’ho! –> Yes, I have

But  today I’ll focus on one of the most difficult  uses of “CI”.  It’s not actually difficult, but anyway you have to know and memorize  the right Italian preposition used after a verb. In fact “CI” sometimes takes  the place of a sentence  introduced by “a” or “su” or “con” or “in” (even though mostly  it takes the place of “a questo”), moreover “CI” is used  in some idiomatic phrases  e.g.

Ci puoi scommettere (or puoi scommetterci)!  –> You bet!

Ci sono! = ho capito –>  I’ve got it! (I have understood)

Io ci sto!  –>  Count me in!

Contaci! –>  Count on it!/Bank on it!

  • Here I would like to give you some examples of “CI” when takes the place of the prepositions “CON” or “A”   …  [read more]

Posted in Italian classes, Italian Grammar, Italian language, Italienische Sprache, learn Italian, Learning Italian | Tagged: , | 11 Comments »

 
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